QuickBooks for Contractors Tip – Basics of Progress Invoicing
Progress Invoicing is a standard feature of QuickBooks® Pro, Premier, and Enterprise editions; each of these versions also offer several options for invoicing as well. In order to implement the Progress Invoicing function you must also utilize the QuickBooks Estimate function – this will eliminate repetitive data entry and help you achieve good job costing reports, such as Estimate vs. Actual reports.
To activate Progress billing you MUST first log into QuickBooks as the QuickBooks Administrator and be in single-user mode. From the Edit menu -> choose Preferences -> scroll down to Jobs & Estimate -> and click on the Company Preferences tab. Once you are in the Company Preferences tab, review and set the options as follows:
- Do You Create Estimates – should be set to Yes
- Do You Do Progress Invoicing – should be set to Yes
- Warn about duplicate estimate numbers – should be checked (this will prevent you from creating two or more estimates for different jobs with the same estimate number)
- Don’t print items that have zero amount – this option SHOULD NOT be checked (this allows you to display line items on a progress invoice even if you are not billing for them on the current invoice)
- Click Ok to save the changes that you have made.
At this point, you can switch to multi-user mode so you and others can continue working.
Next, you’ll want to build your Estimate or Schedule of Values using the Job Cost Codes found in your QuickBooks item list. You will want to make sure that you QuickBooks Items or Job Cost Codes are set up as double-sided items in order to capture both expenses and income.
Your Estimate can be as simple or as detailed as you like – bearing in mind that an Estimate with multiple lines will provide better job costing information than a single line Estimate with the full dollar amount.
Once you have your Estimate in place and you are ready to create your first progressing billing or draw, you will go back to the Estimate you created and look for an option that says “Create Invoice” – click on that button/option.
This opens a Create Progress Invoice Based on Estimate window, which provides you with 3 different options for creating your progress invoice:
- Create an invoice for the entire estimate (100%)
- Create an invoice for a percentage of the entire estimate (you then get to choose a percentage – 33%, 30%, etc.)
- Create invoice for selected items or for different percentages of each item.
Most construction contractors will choose the third option, to Create invoice for selected items or for different percentages of each item. After making your selection on how you want to create the progress invoice; click OK.
This now opens a new window, Specify Invoice Amounts for Items on Estimate; where you will be able to see the various line items that are on your Estimate. You can specify the quantity, rate, amount or percentage for each item that you wish to bill for in the current period. As you enter amounts or percentages you will be able to see a running total for the current billing. When you are satisfied, click the OK button to have the information automatically populate the Progress Invoice form.
If you didn’t enter an amount or a percentage for each line item on your Estimate, QuickBooks will display a message indicating that there are items with zero amounts.
Most people will find this Zero Amount Items message to be very annoying; it can be turned off by checking the Do not display this message in the future and clicking Ok.
Following this procedure you have created your first basic progress invoice. When you Save it, you have automatically updated your Accounts Receivable, and can send it to your customer or General Contractor or you can use the information it contains to complete an special invoice format that is required.